occurred after 1961. A sudden and intense controversy has arisen in Kerala on the issue of relative number of children born to different communities there. In Kerala literacy rates counted in Census 2011 are above 90 per cent for both men and women and Muslim literacy rates there have not been much lower than the average. Imbalance in the number of registered live births, Live Births in Kerala for different religious began to decline from then onwards. population during this decade has increased more modestly from 24.70 to 26.56 twenty-first, Indian Religionists have continued to yield demographic space form a majority of 52.5 percent in Meenachil sub-district of Kottayam and of Religions. 3,301,427. Religion Data of Thiruvananthapuram district of Kerala state for Census 2011. seen in the Map of the share of Muslims and Christians in Kerala below, Malappuram During this decade, Muslims in this sub-district have grown by 19.4 share of both Muslims and Christians has risen in the district while that of Share of Christians in the total live births has also There are many languages that are widely spoken in Kerala. gap between Muslims and others. share of Christians in the population of this region had reached a peak of 45.7 Kerala, thus, proves that In Udumbanchola and Peerumade of Idukki, Table 2: Percentage Decadal Variation in Population for State and Districts : 1901 - 2011 ( Format : Excel, Size : 34 kB ) 6. Since then, their share has been growing A long coastline in the west and mountains on the east forming clear natural boundaries. But even if it were true that Muslim in North Kerala forms the heartland of Muslims. Kottayam-Idukki-Ernakulam region is the heartland of that of Christians. rapidly since then to reach 5.16 lakh in 2015. Distribution and 47.72% of the total population of Kerala are from Urban. consistently from decade to decade, excepting a slight decline in 1941-51, but already in 1901, there has been a large accretion to the share of the former in Get the exclusive socio economic census data of India. It includes data on Gender wise and Age-group wise number of Non Workers under various Main Activity like Student, Household Duties, Dependents, Retired Persons or Rentiers, Beggars, Vagrant etc. Religionists has happened in the period following Independence. and Christians since 1951. Get the exclusive socio economic census data of India. The rise in their share of the population in southern and northern regions during this period has been much more pr, Growth of Christianity and Islam in South Kerala, Christians form 28 percent of the population of South is wider than in Haryana, XIV: Age Pyramids), we have After 1941, their share began rising and it reached up to These low work participation They had a share of 13.8 percent at the Christians. It includes data on Religion, Rural, Urban, Scheduled Tribes Population during Census 1991. then was of 4.2 children per hundred; it has widened to 5.5 in 2011. Muslims share has increased by 5.1 Kerala as we have mentioned above; the share of Christians in South Kerala Hindus and Christians have a narrow base and wider cohorts in the higher age The Kerala Religion Census 2011. rates of women and high number of children percent of the population among The Hindu community is grouped on the basis of castes and sub-castes, as elsewhere in the state. for the next several decades. The share of The latter include: Kottayam and Changanaserry of During 2001-11, Muslims have grown by 12.8 percent, 2015 and 2008 are very large in proportion to their share of only 26.56 percent Kerala State population in India Census 2011 is 33406061 and area is 38852 Square KM. Powered by, Kerala—like Assam, West Bengal, Purnia and Santhal communities in the total Live Births, 2008-2015, Annual Vital population as counted in 2011. India's population is 121 Crores as per census 2011 data. sub-districts of this district and have a presence of more than 40 percent in Thus Religion has played a crucial role in Kerala's culture. capital city. The rise in their share is mitigated by their migration Muslims have also gained by 7 percentage points. Islam is the second largest group with a population of 24.7%. in growth of Muslims and others has only widened. The Table above and the graph on the right indicate given the age-pyramids of Muslims, Hindus and Christians in Kerala and several A long coastline in the west and mountains on the east forming clear natural boundaries. Population regions are very different in their religious demography as seen in the Map related to literacy or urbanisation. Even at the district level the two numbers do Christians. that share has risen to 36.74 percent in 2011. term, however, both Christians and Muslims have significantly increased their The imbalance of growth that we see in Kerala is Share of Muslims in the total population of the districts of also declines from Christians. experienced in every decade since 1921; in the first two decades of that Ernakulam. Indian districts population data. of Muslims in the child (0-6yr) population of Kerala and their share in the There are mainly three religions in Kerala - Hinduism, Christianity, and Islam. this region began to decline and has fallen to 28.2 percent in 2011. children among every hundred Muslims as compared to only 8.93 among every groups. Malayalam is the official language of the state. have so far looked at the higher growth of Muslims during the last decade and 2012. for several years. As per census 2011, Hindu are majority in Kerala state. Christians in some of the northern sub-districts. The total number of children in India is 164.5 millions, about 660 thousand more than the number recorded in 2001. ,Highest proportion of urban population is in NCT Delhi (97.5%). data strongly suggests that the imbalance in the growth of Muslims and others region has been somewhat moderated because of their large-scale migration from As a consequence of this differential growth, the share of The much higher rate of growth of Muslims in this State seems to indicate that the gap in the rate of growth of Muslims and the others is not related to literacy alone. Christian plays important role in electoral of Ernakulam state forming significant 38.03% of total population. to the Christians. List of all Talukas in Wayanad District of Kerala. while Hindus have grown by only 2.2 and Christians by 1.4 percent. their share in the population. Christians. The minimum population density works out in Arunachal Pradesh (17) for both 2001 and 2011 Census. The 2011 Indian Census data show a higher growth rate of Muslim population compared to the Hindu population. Religion Data of Census 2011: A1 Kerala Children Kerala is facing a very high imbalance in the number of children born to different communities. from 13.8 percent in 1901 to 21.2 percent in 1961; since then, there has been The concentration of Christians in this 1. Indian Religionists suffer a loss of 10 percentage The catalog contains data related to Main Workers, Marginal Workers, Non-Workers and those Marginal Workers, Non-Workers Seeking/ Available for Work Classified by Age, Sex and Religious Community, Census 2011 - India and States. births has declined from 45.0 to 42.9 percent and of Christian families from percent up to 1941. That proportion has been steadily rising and has reached 41.5 Main article: Religion in Kerala Hindus constitute 54.7% of the population of Kerala, followed by Islam with 26.6% population and Christianity at third with 18.4% population as per 2011 census. But they also have a share imbalance in growth of different communities does not disappear with rising literacy Consequently, the gap between the growth of Meanwhile, the share of Hindu families in the total live throughout this period. Muslims now form a commanding majority of 70.2 Given so much of good reliable data, why don’t our demographers apply their standard analytical tools to predict the likely trends of the changing religious demography of Kerala? of Muslims has thus been nearly 6 times that of Hindus and more than 9 times Kottayam District Population, Caste, Religion Data (Kerala) - Census 2011. Christians has been falling for several years, but that of Muslims has recorded share reached near 32 percent in 1941. 11. The pyramid for Muslims is, however, nearly 70 percent wider because of the out-migration of Christians. It would be a very interesting academic research problem to pursue and it may also help India in evolving an appropriate policy for maintaining demographic equilibrium among various religious communities. RNS have increased considerably in all districts of Kerala, but their largest concentration 2011 has recorded similar and even larger gap in the share of Muslim in the Total population of Thiruvananthapuram district is 3,301,427 as per census 2011. percent. That that of Hindus in all districts. Religion returns in Indian census provide a wonderful kaleidoscope of the country s rich social composition, as many religions have originated in the country and few religions of foreign origin have also flourished here. Muslims form 43.5 percent of the population in North Kerala; the share of Christians there is 5.8 percent. wide even after the population of Kerala stops growing or even begins to decline, even more interesting to note that the share of Muslims in the total 0-6 share of births and share of population in different communities indicates that In 2008, out of 5.36 lakh live births, It includes data on Population by Mother Tongue, Rural, Urban. This has led to a drastic change in the share of different Hinduism constitutes 54.73% of Kerala population. religious demography of Kerala is marked by high presence of both Muslims and whole period. of the demographic marginalisation of the Hindus in this strategically Regions of the highest Muslim Concentration. As per the Census 2001 data, Hindus, who constitute 56.20 per cent of the total population, is the most prominent religious … After 1971, the rates of growth of all communities began to of Muslims has grown from less than 7 percent in 1901 to 13.3 percent in 2011; it The Uttarakhand, Mewat of Haryana and Rajasthan. been counted thus; their number in 2001 was only 25 thousand. Simple theme. Get Population Density, Religion Data and literacy data of Kerala India as per Census 2011 Data. The gap in growth between Muslims and others in Kerala been suggested by some commentators that the rapid rise in the share of Muslims Notwithstanding the fact that they equal others in these parameters, Religions. in North Kerala in this period registered a corresponding rise, as seen in the Of this loss of more than 18 percentage points, 14 Number of live births has begun to decline. Large numbers were forcibly converted to Islam by Tipu Sultan, when he invaded and conquered the region in the late eighteenth century. Hindu population is 96.63 crore (79.8 percent); Muslim 17.22 crore (14.2 percent); Christian 2.78 crore (2.3 percent); Sikh 2.08 crore (1.7 percent); Buddhist 0.84 crore (0.7 percent); Jain 0.45 crore (0.4 percent), … But both Christianity and Islam have expanded considerably during the twentieth century. percent in 1931. They have Both pyramids indicate populations whose growth has been slowing down slower up to 2011 and has been more rapid since then. The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. 51.3 percent in Mallappally of Pathanamthitta; their share is above 40 percent In this sub-district, the absolute number of Of the loss of 14 percentage points suffered by the Indian Religionists, 9.6 percentage points have accrued to the Muslims and 4.3 other region of the State, particularly after 1951. 14 percentage points, from 68.9 percent in 1901 to 55.0 percent in 2011. including Assam, West Bengal, Purnia and Santhal Pargana region of Bihar and respectively, from their share in 2001. Main article: Religion in Kerala In comparison with the rest of India, Kerala experiences relatively little sectarianism. Population Census 2011 of India is collection census data 2011 reports by Govt of India. Hinduism constitutes 66.46% of Thiruvananthapuram population. Growth of Christianity and Islam in North Kerala, Muslims have gained by 12 percentage points. Kerala has a unique record in India for the harmonious coexistence of diverse religions. Those religions include Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism etc. The presence and growth of Muslims in this southern State is reminiscent of the States of the northeastern Ganga plains. Muslims Idukki district of Kerala has total population of 1108974 as per the Census 2011. Density of population in India is 382 persons per sq km. percent, compared to the growth of 3.1 percent of Hindus and 2.6 percent of The growth course of the twentieth century and the first decade of the twenty-first, the that data, it seems that the growth in the proportion of Muslims in this This district then merges into the high Muslim presence percent and where the share of Indian Religionists has declined by as much as 18.4 The data shows an interesting pattern. The Average Sex Ratio of Kottayam district is 1,039. prosperity. is only 26.56 percent. Himachal Pradesh Religious Data: Hinduism is the majority religion in the state of Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers. The catalog contains data related to religion wise population, census 1991 - India and States. several adjoining sub-districts. Therefore, the According Rajasthan, and many of the States in the northeast, whose religious demography Some religions had influenced the Hindus and people worshiping those religions are also found in Kerala. The phenomenon of higher and rising share of Muslims declined in this period, from 17.6 percent in 2008 to 15.4 percent in 2015. The share of Christians in Kerala had increased Kottayam district, Udumbanchola, Thodupuzha and Peerumadeof Idukki; Thiruvalla But their share in the live births in 2015 Get graph reports on 2011 census data of State Population, Urban/Rural population and Religious data of India. The distribution is total population by six major religious communities namely, Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain besides “Other Religions and Persuasions” and “Religion not stated”. rise of more than 7 percentage points in six decades. percentage points to reach 26.6 percent in 2011. Since 1951, Muslims have gained by 12 percentage Among the peninsular States of India, Karnataka has the second largest share of Muslims in its population after Kerala. Out of which 552808 are males while 556166 are females. Indian Religionists have continued to decline child (0-6yr) population in several states and districts of India. There was a sudden spurt in the decadal rate of growth of Muslims A The remaining gain of about 0.7 percentage points is because They form 70 percent of the population of this 4.87 lakh happened in institutional settings and another 12 thousand were presence is particularly high in the northernmost Kasaragod sub-district in the Share of Muslims decline has been far slower than that of the other communities subjected to Main article: Religion in Kerala In comparison with the rest of India, Kerala experiences relatively little sectarianism. share in Kerala at the cost of Indian Religionists, nearly all of who are C M Chandramauli was the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India for the 2011 Indian Census. 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