Adult females will return to California or Mexico, and go ashore between March and August to molt. Look for elephant seal rookeries on the central California coast at Pigeon Point Lighthouse near San Simeon and Ano Nuevo State Beach, north of Santa Cruz. Slaughtered en masse for their oil-producing blubber, the … Elephant seal pups weigh around 75 pounds (34 kg) when they are born. 1,300-2,000 (590kg- 907kg) However, they often travel alone when they are in the sea and when they migrate. Fill out our nomination form for that amazing site. Northern elephant seals’ habitat runs all the way from the Pacific Coast of three states; Canada, the US, and Mexico. After being weaned at 4 weeks of age, pups fast completely while learning to swim and dive before going to sea in search of food. The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern elephant seal. Blocking the path is a massive blob of quivering blubber, braying like a donkey. They lack external ear flaps and have smaller fore flippers than other pinnipeds. Their bodies seem to be designed more for spending 8-10 months a year in the open ocean than on land. The first elephant seals on Año Nuevo Island were sighted in 1955, and the first pup was born there in 1961. Adult males may grow to 14-16 feet (4-5 m) in length and weigh up to 5,000 pounds (2,300 kg). The northern and southern elephant seal can be distinguished by various external features. Since that time, elephant seals have continued to multiply exponentially, and they have extended their breeding range as far north as Point Reyes. Point Robinson is adjacent to the narrowest part of Puget Sound, and the whales sometimes come spectacularly close to shore. They can dive to depth ranging from 1,000-2,500 feet (305-762m) for lengths of 20-30 minutes. Northern elephant seals have a diet of mostly squid and fishes, but also rays and sharks. They are the sole members of the genus ‘Mirounga’ of the family ‘Phocidae’ or ‘true seals’. Mature males are easily spotted by their large noses that resemble elephant trunks. They use their large nose to makes sounds and vocally threatening other males. Northern elephant seals are preyed on by great white sharks, a significant cause of mortality in juvenile seals, and sometimes also by killer whales. These seals may weigh about the same as a small SUV, but can look a lot like driftwood on the beach at first glance. Southern elephant seals are the largest seal species, followed by Northern seals. Fully grown males can reach lengths of over 13 feet and can weigh nearly 4,400 pounds. September-November is a good time to see them from shore. On average, the biggest Southern elephant seals weigh over 8,000 pounds. Get involved! They are very large and the males have what is similar to an elephant’s trunk on their face yet it is very short. But, there have been instances where these sea mammals have gone even deeper. rookery was studied in northern elephant seal pups at Aiio Nuevo Island, California. In case you’re curious, the walrus is a close third behind the northern elephant seal when it comes to size. @WDFW sets new rules for commercial whale-watching to protect southern residents. The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern elephant seal. Fish, molluscs, krill, crustaceans, squid and other sea life are usually on their menu. But they spend most of the time, 8 to 10 months of the year, elsewhere. 12-16 feet (3.6-3.9 m). Average weight: Males: 3,300–4,400 lb. Adult female elephant seals are approximately 9 feet in length and weigh about 900 pounds. The largest known bull elephant seal was 6.7 metres in length and weighed 3400 kilograms (about four tons). Northern & Southern elephant seal. They have been known to look like deadheads, or logs, in the ocean sort of bouncing up and down a couple times and then disappearing. Mature males are easily identified by their large proboscis. 2. The biggest on record was nearly 11,000 pounds in weight. Watching southern resident orcas from Point Robinson, Vashon Island, 2018. The biggest on record was nearly 11,000 pounds in weight. Life Expectancy The northern elephant seal is yellowish or gray-brown, and the southern is blue-gray. Species: angustirostris largest pinniped outside Southern elephant seal (Ling & Bryden, 1981). The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern elephant seal. The adult male, “the elephant of the sea,” has a large flexible snout that looks like an elephant’s trunk. Elephant seals are well named because adult males have large noses that resemble an elephant's trunk. One Southern seal recorded diving at a depth of almost 7,000 feet! The female, on the other hand, weighs about a third of the male, which is a dramatic example of sexual dimorphism, or physical size difference between the sexes of a species. Elephant seals are the largest seals on the earth with two major species i.e. 75 pounds (35 kg) When northern elephant seals come on shore to breed, the females will fast while mating and suckling their pups. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephant_seal, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/group/elephant-seals/, http://www.marinemammalcenter.org/education/marine-mammal-information/pinnipeds/northern-elephant-seal/?print=t. 7-12 feet (2.1-3.6 m), Weight But, there have been instances where these sea mammals have gone even deeper. The Elephant seals nose is used in producing extraordinarily loud roaring noises, especially during the mating season. Northern elephant seals are found along North America’s Pacific coast, with a range that stretches as far north as Alaska and as far south as Mexico. What do they do when they are away? Today, there are approximately 160,000 northern elephant seals. Humans aren't the only ones that are attracted to the California coastline, Northern Elephant Seals migrate thousands of miles to these beaches twice a year to breed, give birth, molt and rest. Pups are born black and will molt into a silver coat after 4-6 weeks, once they are weened. Fun Facts for Kids. Adult Northern elephant seals are light brown to black in color. NOAA Fisheries - Northern Elephant SealNOAA Fisheries West Coast - Northern Elephant Seal. The females are much smaller at 10 feet (3 m) in length and 1,500 pounds (600 kg). Males grow to huge sizes, and they can weigh 8,800 pounds (3,991 kg) or more. As the name suggests, elephant seals are huge members of the seal family that have a large trunk-like nose that somewhat resembles an elephant’s. Northern Elephant Seal They usually dive to depths of between 1,000 and 2,500 feet. Killer whales, sharks and other seals are their main predators. Males can be over 20 feet long and weigh up to 8,800 pounds. Therefore the Elephant seal is … Did You Know? Northern elephant seals range from Alaska, down the west coast to Mexico. Weight 1,300-2,000 (590kg- 907kg) Length 7-12 feet (2.1-3.6 m) ADULT MALE FACTS. Share your ima. The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern elephant seal. Males have an enlarged proboscis or ‘trunk’, hence the name elephant seal. \"Where do they go?\" - a simple question that has been difficult to answer. Males feed in the Aleutian Islands and Gulf of Alaska, while females travel further to offshore waters of Washington and Oregon. Average weight: Males: 3,300–4,400 lb. AND ONE NEARLY WENT EXTINCT. 13-19 years, Weight Males return slightly after females. The huge male northern elephant seal typically weighs 1,500–2,300 kg (3,300–5,100 lb) and measures 4–5 m (13–16 ft), although some males can weigh up to 3,700 kg (8,200 lb). These mam­mals are among the largest of the group com­pris­ing aquatic car­ni­vores in the North­ern Hemi­sphere. In Washington, it is rare to see them ashore. Breeding primarily occurs on offshore islands of California and Mexico, such as the Channel Islands, and at rookeries on the central California coast. Share your inspiring story below or tag #thewhaletrail. When foraging, the dive depth of the Northern elephant seal averages 500 to 600 m (1,640 - 1,970 ft), but it is able to dive to as much as 1,500 m (4,920 ft) and stay under water for over 1 hour. (Photo by Mark Sears, NOAA Permit 21348) Note: while COVID-19 Restrictions are in place, please visit Whale Trail sites close to home that don't require a ferry ride. Northern elephant seals are polygamous breeders, meaning during the mating season males establish a dominance over a large group of females. Sexual dimorphism in size is great: The much larger male northern elephant seal typically weighs 1,500–2,300 kg (3,300–5,100 lbs) and measures 4–5 m (13.2–16.5 ft), although some males can weigh up to 3,700 kg (8,152 lbs). The largest colonies are found off southern California and the Channel Islands. Length They are shorter too at only 12 feet. Elephant seals have a sandy brown colored coat with no spots. They usually dive to depths of between 1,000 and 2,500 feet. When foraging, the dive depth of the Northern elephant seal averages 500 to 600 m (1,640 - 1,970 ft), but it is able to dive to as much as 1,500 m (4,920 ft) and stay under water for over 1 hour. The southern species has an extensive molting period in which considerable patches of hair and skin are shed. Elephant seals feed on fish and on squid or other cephalopods. Northern elephant seals will molt their fur and shed the short dense fur and patches of old skin. Resources:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephant_sealhttps://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/group/elephant-seals/http://www.marinemammalcenter.org/education/marine-mammal-information/pinnipeds/northern-elephant-seal/?print=t. Fe­males reach a length of 3.1 m … The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern elephant seal. Much more agile in their ocean environment, an elephant seal moves on land with considerable effort, by using its front flippers and belly. Size of a southern male elephant seal is about 6 meters (20 feet) long, and weight up to 6000 kilograms (8,800 pounds). Males begin developing this enlarged nose, or proboscis, at sexual maturity (about three to five years), and it is fully developed by seven to nine years. Other places it is found include the coast of Argentina, New Zealand, and South Africa. As you explore the beaches, please be aware of your surroundings to ensure a safe distance between you and any resting elephant seals. Southern elephant seals are able to dive to over 4,921 feet (1,500 meters) and remain underwater for as long as two hours. Race Rocks, along with the Pacific Coast, is the northernmost breeding ground. 7 In this species, males max out at around 13 feet long and 4500 pounds , … He might weigh as much as 4,500 pounds, and he can flop his jiggly body across the sand as fast as we can run. In 1978, 872 were born there. Did You Know? Males frequently fight with each other. They spend 90% of the time in the water and dive deep into the sea to hunt for food. Molting takes 4-5 weeks. The female will breed again before her pup leaves and she returns to the ocean. Once males reach puberty at 7 years old they grow a large nose, as well as thick and robust necks that are lighter in color compared to their darker bodies. The elephant seal is in the phocid, or true seal, family. In case you’re curious, the walrus is a close third behind the northern elephant seal when it comes to size. Weight 4,400 pounds (1996 kg) Length 12-16 feet (3.6-3.9 m) Northern elephant seals are the largest of the “true”, or “earless”, seals in all of the Northern Hemisphere. Scientific Name These seals group together in large colonies when they are on land. Northern elephant seals feed mainly on squid and fishes, however, their diet also consists of rays and sharks. Females are much smaller and can range from 400 to 900 kg (880 to 1,980 lb) in weight, or roughly a third of the male's bulk, and measure from 2.5 to 3.6 m (8.2 to 11.8 ft). To prevent injury, they grow a protective layer of keratin on their chests, which acts as an important shield. Length The biggest bull Northern elephant seals weigh about 5,000 pounds. Look for groups of molting males at northern California sites like McKerrecher State Park. Males grow to huge sizes, and they can weigh 8,800 pounds (3,991 kg) or more. The males are very large with a weight … Their life span is about 14 years for males, 16 to 17 years for females. Most elephant seals will return to natal rookeries when they reach sexual maturity. Mirounga angustirostris Elephant seals are expert underwater hunters who search for food at night and are capable of diving deep below the waves. WDFW sets new rules for comme, NOAA Fisheries West Coast - Northern Elephant Seal. Point Robinson is adjacent to the narrowest part of Puget Sound, and the whales sometimes come spectacularly close to shore. ; Females: 990–1,300 lb. This hunk of chonk, the size and shape of Jabba the Hutt, is a male northern elephant seal. Elephant seals come ashore in the winter to mate and give birth. Northern elephant seals only take short breaks at the surface which is when they are likely to be seen from shore. Adult males may grow to over 13 feet (4 m) in length and weigh up to 4,500 pounds (2,000 kg). The elephant seal is in the phocid, or true seal, family. Females reach 9 feet and 1,600 pounds. Elephant seals, and pups in particular, are also on the menu of other animals. They have the biggest weight difference between males and females of any animal species. During this time, they survive only off of stored blubber (fat) and won't eat for up to five weeks. Two elephant seal species exist, which include the Northern elephant seal and the Southern elephant seal. Females weigh about 2,000 pounds (907 kg). They are usually underwater, diving to depths of about 1,000 to 2,500 feet for 20 to 30 minute intervals with only short breaks at the surface. The females are much smaller at 10 feet (3 m) in length and 1,500 pounds (600 kg). Point Robinson was one of the first locations on The Whale Trail! They can also reach up to 14 feet in length. Large gatherings of the seals — including adult males that can weigh up to 4,400 pounds and reach 19 feet in length — are typically found along the Pacific coast in areas called rookeries. The biggest bull Northern elephant seals weigh about 5,000 pounds. Largest seal in the northern hemisphere. The other species, the southern elephant seal, lives in the Southern Hemispheres and is found in islands like Macquarie Island. It is estimated that the adult male northern elephant seal can weigh up to 5,000 pounds. Characterized by extreme sexual dimorphism: males weigh 8-10 more than females. Color, Good news for Orcas! Join us this month as we Welcome the Orcas. Found in the Antarctic, sub-Antarctic, and islands off the West coast of North America, these enormous ocean sea mammals were one endangered. April through August, elephant seals return to beaches to shed their skin, or molt. Adult males are 14 to 16 feet (4 to 5 m) in length and 4,000 to 5,000 pounds (1,400 to 2,300 kg) in weight. ... in length and 4,000 to 5,000 pounds (1,400 to 2,300 kg) in weight. Males start to form harems around 9-10 years old and battle for status among the adult males. https://wp.me/p6PjLG3CV #welcometheorcas #givethemspace, Watching southern resident orcas from Point Robinson, Vashon Island, 2018. Mating occurs from December to March and pups are born in early winter, from December to January. Northern elephant seals are large and imposing, with significant differences in size and shape between sexes (sexual dimorphism). When they haul out for molting season they will stay there for a few weeks. In both sexes, the body is long and robust, and the neck very thick. On average, the southern elephant seal tends to be larger than the northern species. The northern elephant seal lives up to nine years, and the southern elephant seal lives between twenty to twenty-two years. The females are much smaller when it comes to weight with only about 2,000 pounds. During mating season, Northern elephant seals fast and can lose up to 36% of their body weight. Learn More. The bull southern elephant seals are, on average, larger than those in the northern species, but the females in both are around the same size, indicating the even hig… With over a 13,000 mile roundtrip migrations, they have one of the longest migrations of any animals. Males of both species attain a length of approximately 6.5 metres (21 feet) and a weight of about 3,530 kg (7,780 pounds) and are much larger than the females, which grow to 3.5 metres and weigh 900 kg. Point Robinson was one of the first locations on The Whale Trail! During this time, they survive only off of stored blubber (fat) and won't eat for up to five weeks. Northern elephant seals spend most of the year, about 9 months, in the ocean and can only be seen on land during pupping season. Northern Elephant Seal – Mirounga angustirostris Description. But, they have made a comeback today. During this time, they look to be in bad shape, however it is normal. Northern Elephant Seal The Northern Elephant Seal is smaller than those from the Southern part of the world. On the Whale Trail, Northern elephant seals can be seen at sea while they are at the surface between their long dives. The U.S and Mexico stock of Northern elephant seals has survived and derived by the few hundred individuals not targeted during commercial sealing. Adult males may grow to over 13 feet (4 m) in length and weigh up to 4,500 pounds (2,000 kg). Southern elephant seals are able to dive to over 4,921 feet (1,500 meters) and remain underwater for as long as two hours. ; Females: 990–1,300 lb. They are very large and the males have what is similar to an elephant’s trunk on their face yet it is very short. ... See MoreSee Less, Share on FacebookShare on TwitterShare on Linked InShare by Email, Good news for Orcas! Stats: Weight: 880 - 5,100 lbs (0.40 - 2.31 tons) Length: 8.2 - 16 ft (2.5 - 5 m) Diet: Deeper dwelling mid-water fish and squid; Status: Lower risk; Distribution: Northern Elephant Seal Range Species Fact: Southern seals and Northern seals. A key physical characters is the male’s elongated snout, called a proboscis. Elephant Seals (Mirounga leonina and Mirounga angustirostris) There are two species of elephant seal. A few of the animals are found in Chile. Northern elephant seals are protected under the Marine Mammal Protection Act and are not considered endangered or threatened. Thanks to successful conservation projects they are thriving once again. They have a social hierarchy based on the male’s harems, which is the grouping of females. Females will come ashore only a few days before giving birth to her pup. The females are much smaller at 9-12 feet (2.5-4 m) in length and 900-1,800 pounds (400-800 kg). View our guide on how to watch marine animals from shore. Northern elephant seal bulls reach a length of 4.3 to 4.8 m (14 to 16 ft) and the heaviest weigh about 2,500 kg (5,500 lb). Fun Facts for Kids. With development of affordable satellite-based tracking systems, t… Follow Washington State Ferries for guidance about ferry travel. Females weigh about 2,000 pounds (907 kg). Please do not attempt to approach what looks like an animal in distress. Pups increase their birthweight by a factor of 3-7 times on mother's milk alone. Both sexes have black whiskers and V-shaped hind flippers. The adult male, “the elephant of the sea,” has a large flexible snout that looks like an elephant’s trunk. The Northern Elephant Seal (Mirounga angustirostris) and the Southern Elephant Seal (Mirounga leonina) were both hunted nearly to extinction by the end of the nineteenth […] Northern elephant seals are the largest of the “true”, or “earless”, seals in all of the Northern Hemisphere. Elephant seals are the only seals that molt and shed their outer layer of skin. The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world, after the southern … One Southern seal recorded diving at a depth of almost 7,000 feet! Females are significantly smaller than males, but are still grow to about 10 feet long and weigh up to 1,300 pounds. Length They have the biggest weight difference between males and females of any animal species. The males are very large with a weight of up to 5,000 pounds. They were once thought to be extinct after commercial sealing which occurs in the 1800s. 4,400 pounds (1996 kg) The Whale Trail depends on your support. Female’s snouts grow just beyond the mouth and have smoother necks. Female northern elephant seal. The Northern Elephant Seal is smaller than those from the Southern part of the world. Fe­males typ­i­cally weigh 600 to 900 kg and males, which out­weigh fe­males by 3 to 10 times, can top out at 2300 kg. These seals r… (GA image) Female northern elephant seals can be over ten feet long, weigh over 1,300 pounds, and live over 20 years whereas southern elephant seal females may be over ten feet long, weight over 2,000 pounds, and be over 23 years. ~ Fun Fact ~Elephant seals are expert underwater hunters who search for food at night and are capable of diving deep below the waves. But these massive pinnipeds aren't called elephant seals because of their size. (Photo by Mark Sears, NOAA Permit 21348), It’s not too late to join our writing contest an, Has anyone seen the Orcas recently? The northern elephant seal lives up to nine years, and the southern elephant seal lives between twenty to twenty-two years. When northern elephant seals come on shore to breed, the females will fast while mating and suckling their pups. Male elephant seals reach 16 feet in length and weigh up to 4,000 pounds. The population began to increase in the 1900s. The gestation period is around 11 months. The huge male northern elephant seal typically weighs 1,500–2,300 kg (3,300–5,100 lb) and measures 4–5 m (13–16 ft), although some males can weigh up to 3,700 kg (8,200 lb). The females are much smaller at about 9 to 12 feet (2.5 to 4 m) in length and weigh 900 to 1,800 pounds (400 to 800 kg). Southern elephant seals are the largest seal species, followed by Northern seals. The Northern Elephant Seal Mirounga angustirostris. Can you spot the Northern Elephant Seals in these photos? Learn More. In Washington, adult females can be in their feeding areas of Washington and Oregon, during their time between spring/summer molting and winter breeding season. The have a large range in the Pacific Ocean and can be seen from Alaska to Mexico. Northern elephant seals face threats such as entanglement in fishing gear, vessel strikes, marine debris, and disturbance while on shore. On average, the biggest Southern elephant seals weigh over 8,000 pounds. Adult males may grow to over 13 feet (4 m) in length and weigh up to 4,500 pounds (2,000 kg). The Whale Trail updated their cover photo. The females are much smaller at 10 feet (3 m) in length and 1,500 pounds (600 kg). 4 feet (1.25 m), Weight Males of both species attain a length of approximately 6.5 metres (21 feet) and a weight of about 3,530 kg (7,780 pounds) and are much larger than the females, which grow to 3.5 metres and weigh 900 kg. Northern elephant seals spend much of the year, generally about 9 months, in the ocean. 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