It does not dissolve in water. Therefore the ratio between cationic and anionic radii in zinc blend is 0.39 (74pm/190 pm) .This suggests a tetrahedral ion arrangement and four nearest neighbors from standard crystal structure prediction tables. Zinc sulfide (ZnS) is a unique compound that forms two types of crystalline structures. Zinc oxide is an inorganic chemical compound that is used as the main ingredient in preparing drugs or other medicines. NACRES NA.22 In this video I show you how to make Zinc Sulfide. These two polymorphs are wurtzite and zincblende (also known as sphalerite). Its chemical formula is ZnS. Fig 3. For better coatings and plastics . The recovered zinc sulfide can directly be used in the zinc smelter to produce zinc. 77205. PubChem Substance ID 24854689. By continuing to browse this site you agree to our use of cookies. Cadmium sulfide mixed with zinc sulfide (8:92) C.I. ZnS can have a zinc blende structure which is a "diamond-type network" and at a different temperature, ZnS can become the wurtzite structure type which has a hexagonal type symmetry. Search results for sulphide powder at Sigma-Aldrich. (from Public Domain). 11129-14-9. Zinc sulfide – an inorganic compound with the chemical formula ZnS – is a highly purified additive that can be used to enhance coatings and plastics products. Notice how only half of the tetrahedral sites are occupied. Although this mineral is usually black because of various impurities, the pure material is … ESPI Metals. 12442-27-2. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, 2.5 Generic, 2.0 Generic and 1.0 Generic license. Only 20 left in stock - order soon. Linear Formula ZnS . Zinc sulfide powder, 10 μm, 99.99% trace metals basis Synonym: Zinc sulphide CAS Number 1314-98-3. Zinc sulfide finds applications in the following: The chemical properties of zinc sulfide are provided in the table below: The electrical properties of zinc sulfide are provided in the table below: The thermal, mechanical and optical properties of zinc sulfide are provided in the tables below: Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: ESPI Metals. This is the main form of zinc found in nature, where it mainly occurs as the mineral sphalerite. 11 January 2021. Before using zinc sulfate, talk to your doctor, pharmacist, or other healthcare provider. The sphalerite occurs as a greyish white crystal. SEM Imaging and the Benefits of Using Low kV, Conducting Raman Analysis in Hazardous Environments, Using Near-Infrared (NIR) to Improve the Agricultural Supply Chain, The Nano-focus X-ray Inspection System for Wafer Level Packaging (NF120), FlowCam® 8000 Series for Particle Analysis. The BI-870—A Dielectric Constant Meter from Brookhaven Instruments, Novonix and Harper Announce Strategic Alliance on Specialized Furnace Technology for Battery Anode Material, The Development of Stronger Cobalt for Fuel Cells, Newly Discovered ‘Liquid Glass’ Represents a New State of Matter, Innovative Zinc-Air Battery Could Revolutionize Energy Storage, Scientists Propose New Principle by Which Active Matter Systems can Spontaneously Order, Researchers Determine New Ways to Extract Lithium Ions, Sampling Speed and Its Influence on Strength Value, Developing Non-Halogenated Fire Protective Coatings for Steel Structures, Using Intelligent Fitting to Remove Backgrounds from Spectra: The WiRE™ Software, P210 - Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces – No smoking, Detector of alpha-rays, which render it luminescent. CADMIUM SULFIDE mixed with ZINC SULFIDE (1:1) Cadmium sulfide, mixt. The LibreTexts libraries are Powered by MindTouch® and are supported by the Department of Education Open Textbook Pilot Project, the UC Davis Office of the Provost, the UC Davis Library, the California State University Affordable Learning Solutions Program, and Merlot. 1. 81.379 g mol-1. Liquid Ionic Zinc (8 Oz - 96 Day Supply) 4.6 out of 5 stars 479. EINECS 235-672-6. (Creator: Alexander Mann Date: 01/14/2006 Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Germany license). Solutions of sulfide salts are corrosive. Search results for zinc sulphide at Sigma-Aldrich. Description Zinc sulfide is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula ZnS. Watch the recordings here on Youtube! It maintains a tetrahedral arrangement in both forms. Zinc sulfate 0.01M – MES pH 6.5; 0.1M – PEG MME 550 25% (v/v) solution. Easy to use, clean, and calibrate, it is an excellent choice for dielectric measurement. Gray. MDL number MFCD00011301. Since the number of atoms in a single unit cell of Zn and S is the same, it is consistent with the formula ZnS. "Zinc Sulfide (ZnS) Semiconductors". Both sphalerite and wurtzite are intrinsic, wide-band gap semiconductors. Density = Mass of unit cell / volume of unit cell. Zinc sulfide (or zinc sulphide) is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula of ZnS. Zinc + Sulfur . Zinc and sulfur react with each other violently to produce zinc sulfide; the reaction is accompanied by a vigorous evolution of gas, heat, and light: Wurtzite has a hexagonal closest packing structure (hcp), which is characterized by 12 ions in the corners of each unit that create a hexagonal prism (seen in Fig. Wurtzite has a hexagonal structure, while zincblende is cubic. ZnS has a unique structure type compared to other molecules, having different types of unique structures. We use cookies to enhance your experience. The sphalerite structure is favored at 298k by 13kJ/mol, but at 1296K the transition to wurtzite occurs.3. It contains zinc and sulfide ions. Zinc Sulfide is available in large batch quantities for potential uses as a phosphor host, in optical coatings, or as an infrared window material. The structure of Zincblende is simple and consists of the zinc metal-sulfur atom attached to each other via a polar covalent bond. Zinc sulfate monohydrate. The chemical structure of ZnS is simple and consists of the zinc metal attached to a sulfur atom through a polar covalent bond. Zinc sulfide has been useful in making multilayer coatings for use at normal incidence that are antireflecting in the near-UV and violet portion of the visible spectrum but have the full reflectance values of ZnS for wavelengths less than 2000 Å [17].Such coatings were used to help eliminate near-UV and visible stray light in early photographs of the solar extreme ultraviolet spectrum. Zinc sulphide, Zinc monosulfide, Sachtolith HDS, Pigment White 7, sulfanylidenezinc, sulfanylidenezinc, doped zinc sulfide, Sphalerite Chemical Identifiers Linear Formula Oz. Retrieved on January 11, 2021 from https://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=8415. Formula and Structure of Zinc Sulfide Solid zinc sulfide is found in two different crystal forms, alpha (wurtzite) and beta (sphalerite), which have hexagonal and cubic structures, respectively. Zinc processing - Zinc processing - Ores: Zinc ores are widely distributed throughout the world, although more than 40 percent of the world’s output originates in North America and Australia. Cadmium zinc sulphide. Legal. with zinc sulfide. For more information contact us at info@libretexts.org or check out our status page at https://status.libretexts.org. It was historically known as "white vitriol ". ESPI Metals. It is used as phosphor in several applications, including X-ray screens and cathode ray tubes. In luminescence: Sulfide-type phosphors, activators, fluxes. Fig. The chemical formula of zinc sulfide is ZnS, and its molar mass is 97.47 g/mol. In this case, since ccp structures are more dense than hcp structures, so a conversion from sphalerite to wurtzite occurs naturally over time at a rate similar to that of diamond to graphite. Zinc sulfide (ZnS) is a unique compound that forms two types of crystalline structures. More info. Zinc Sulfide occurs naturally as "blend," and is prepared directly from the elements and by precipitation of a zinc salt solution with ammonium sulfide. In this interview, AZoM talks to Brad Behr and Mark Kemper from Tornado Spectral Systems, about the work they do and how their Raman spectroscopy products are adapted for use in hazardous environments. 2. Cadmium copper lead zinc sulfide. Zinc sulfide is transparent and white in color. AZoM. Zinc cadmium sulfide is a mixture of zinc sulfide (ZnS) and cadmium sulfide (CdS). https://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=8415. Molar mass of ZnS = 97.445 g/mol. Formula and structure: The chemical formula of zinc sulfide is ZnS, and its molar mass is 97.47 g/mol. The chemical formula for the compound could be written as ZnO with a molecular mass of approx. Properties. Sulfide (British English also sulphide) is an inorganic anion of sulfur with the chemical formula S 2− or a compound containing one or more S 2− ions. The sulfate concentration is reduced in a single step from 5–15 to 0.05 g l −1, while the zinc concentration is reduced from 100 to <0.3 mg l −1, recovering about 8.5 tons of zinc sulfide a day [71, 43]. In this interview, AZoM talks to Scott Smyser, global marketing and business development manager of Si-Ware Systems, about how near-infrared (NIR) technology can assist the agricultural supply chain. It is characterized by single bonds between each atom and maintenance of a 1:1 zinc to sulfur ratio. Zinc Sulfide (ZnS) Semiconductors. *Please select more than one item to compare Zincblende is characterized as a cubic closet packing (ccp), also known as face-centered cubic, structure.1,4 This crystal lattice structure is shown in Figures 1 & 2 below. (2018, August 23). The molecular or chemical formula of Zinc Sulfide is ZnS. Owned and operated by AZoNetwork, © 2000-2021. 16788-42-4 It is obtained as a white or yellowish-white crystal. Unless otherwise noted, LibreTexts content is licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0. Molecular weight calculation: 65.38 + … Zinc sulfide is a chemical compound. Compare Products: Select up to 4 products. Convert grams Zinc Sulfide to moles or moles Zinc Sulfide to grams. Sigma-Aldrich offers a number of Zinc sulfide products. We also acknowledge previous National Science Foundation support under grant numbers 1246120, 1525057, and 1413739. FlowCam® 8000 Series for digital imaging and microscopy from Yokogawa Fluid Imaging Technologies, Inc. The beta crystalline (sphalerite) is the more stable form of ZnS. AZoM, viewed 11 January 2021, https://www.azom.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=8415. (Author: Maghémite Date: May 5, 2008. It is usually produced from waste materials, and it is also a by-product of ammonia synthesis using methane. Wurtzite has a hexagonal structure, while zincblende is cubic. The BI-870 Meter allows for incredibly easy and efficient measurement of the dielectric constant. "Zinc Sulfide (ZnS) Semiconductors". Zinc is a bluish-white metal used to galvanize iron, and is also found in alloys, batteries, and rubber.Sulfur is a yellow, brittle nonmetal; it can also be found in a powered form. (accessed January 11, 2021). Structure-wise, the zinc blende structure is more thermodynamically favored, however, because of the wurtzite structures slow construction, both forms of ZnS can be found. Sulfide also refers to chemical compounds large families of inorganic and organic compounds, e.g. You may not be able to use zinc sulfate if you have certain medical conditions. . It mainly occurs in the minerals sphalerite and wurtzite. Zinc sulfide is an inorganic compound which has useful optical properties. Zinc Sulfide is available as 99.99 pure (metals basis) 1-2 micron powder, CVD grade granules or tablets, or as a nano-powder. Zinc Sulfide (ZnS) Semiconductors. It can be used as pigment or semiconductors in industries. $21.49. Only 5 left in stock - order soon. eCl@ss 38150412 . It is used for its fluorescent properties. EC Number 215-251-3. The sulfides of zinc and of cadmium are the most important basic materials of sulfide-type phosphors. A break down of cubic closest packing. These are characterized by a 1:1 stoichiometric ratio of Zinc to Sulfur. An important condition of getting highly efficient phosphors is that these sulfides must first be prepared to the highest possible chemical purity before the necessary amount of activator can be… 1 Product Result Yokogawa Fluid Imaging Technologies, Inc. AZoM. Density tends to decrease as temperature increases. 7446-19-7. Zinc sulfate hydrate. Do not use zinc sulfate without a doctor's advice if you are pregnant. Mass of unit cell = Number of atoms in a unit cell x the mass of each atom. HCP structure of wurtzite. AZoM. 2018. Summary: Zinc blend is a compound that comes in two forms: sphalerite and wurtzite. Bioaccumulation of this chemical may occur along the food chain, for example in plants and in seafood. Zinc sulfide is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula ZnS. These two polymorphs are wurtzite and zincblende (also known as sphalerite). In this interview, AZoM speaks to Vern Robertson, FEG SEM Product Manager at JOEL USA, about the benefits of using a low kV in SEM imaging. [ "article:topic", "showtoc:no", "sphalerite", "zinc blend structure", "cubic closet packing", "ccp" ], https://chem.libretexts.org/@app/auth/2/login?returnto=https%3A%2F%2Fchem.libretexts.org%2FBookshelves%2FInorganic_Chemistry%2FMap%253A_Inorganic_Chemistry_(Housecroft)%2F06%253A_Structures_and_energetics_of_metallic_and_ionic_solids%2F6.11%253A_Ionic_Lattices%2F6.11E%253A_Structure_-_Zinc_Blende_(ZnS), Calculating density of a crystal structure, information contact us at info@libretexts.org, status page at https://status.libretexts.org. Zinc Sulfate Liquid Formula, 15mg - 8 Fl. View information & documentation regarding Zinc sulfide, including CAS, MSDS & more. It mainly occurs in the minerals sphalerite and wurtzite. Have questions or comments? FDA pregnancy category C. It is not known whether zinc sulfate will harm an unborn baby. At Venator we are proud to produce a white pigment based on extremely pure zinc sulfide. ), Fig. The NF120 provides a non-destructive analysis system for wafer level packaging. UNII-PTX099XSF1. Do you have a review, update or anything you would like to add to this article? The most common form includes water of crystallization as the heptahydrate, with the formula Zn SO 4 •7H 2 O. ESPI Metals. Therefore, four sulfur atoms surround each zinc atom and four zinc atoms surround each sulfur atom.2 The coordination number, the number of of electron pairs donated to a metal by its ligands, for both zinc an sulfur is four.1,2 The difference between wurtzite and zincblende lies in the different arrangements of layers of ions.2. Zinc sulfide is white when pure. ›› Zinc Sulfide molecular weight. Zinc sulfate and its hydrates are colourless solids. Zinc Sulphide is produced by synthesis from Zinc vapour and H 2 S gas, forming as sheets on Graphite susceptors. Cadmium zinc sulfide ((Cd,Zn)S) B-3-Zh. (2 Pack) $28.50. The Hazard fields include special hazard alerts air and water reactions, fire hazards, health hazards, a reactivity profile, and details about reactive groups assignments and potentially incompatible absorbents.The information in CAMEO Chemicals comes from a variety of data sources. EINECS 269-773-1. The ionic radius for Zn2+ is 74pm and for S2- is 190pm. *Please select more than one item to compare Missed the LibreFest? 3).2 As discussed previously, zincblende slowly transforms to wurtzite due to thermodynamic stability. Compare Products: Select up to 4 products. Zinc Sulfide can be used as a glow powder. Both sphalerite and wurtzite are intrinsic, wide-band gap semiconductors. A representation of ccp structure. Zinc Sulphide is microcrystalline in structure, the grain size being controlled to produce maximum strength. Molecular Weight 97.46 . It is characterized by single bonds between each atom and maintenance of a 1:1 zinc to sulfur ratio. lead sulfide and dimethyl sulfide. It is produced at a relatively low cost so many of its applications are as a substitute for other materials. Zinc vapour and H 2 S gas, forming as sheets on Graphite susceptors hexagonal structure, while zincblende cubic... ) 4.6 out of 5 stars 479 forms two types of crystalline.. Microscopy from Yokogawa Fluid imaging Technologies, Inc screens and cathode ray tubes pregnancy category C. it is a... Other materials relatively low cost so many of its applications are as a substitute for materials! 10 μm zinc sulphide formula 99.99 % trace metals basis Synonym: zinc blend is a unique that... ) cadmium sulfide mixed with zinc sulfide can directly be used as in. January 11, 2021 from https: //www.azom.com/article.aspx? ArticleID=8415 contact us at info libretexts.org... A glow powder Ionic radius for Zn2+ is 74pm and for S2- is.... Consists of the zinc metal attached to a sulfur atom through a polar covalent bond main. 6.5 ; 0.1M – PEG MME 550 25 % ( v/v ) solution a substitute for materials! Found in nature, where it mainly occurs in the zinc zinc sulphide formula attached to a atom... Formula for the compound could be written as ZnO with a molecular mass of approx obtained as a glow.... Organic compounds, e.g semiconductors in industries 01/14/2006 licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 license. To moles or moles zinc sulfide the compound could be written as ZnO a! Be able to use zinc sulfate Liquid formula, 15mg - 8 Fl zincblende ( also known as white... Is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula of zinc found in nature, it. Can be used as pigment or semiconductors in industries sphalerite ) libretexts.org or check out our status page https... Are intrinsic, wide-band gap semiconductors Author: Maghémite Date: may 5, 2008 doctor 's if! This video I show you how to make zinc sulfide is an inorganic compound the! Formula of ZnS ZnS is simple and consists of the tetrahedral sites are occupied by-product of synthesis. By a 1:1 zinc to sulfur 11 January 2021, https: //www.azom.com/article.aspx? ArticleID=8415 licensed the... On January 11, 2021 from https: //www.azom.com/article.aspx? ArticleID=8415 it was known!: //www.azom.com/article.aspx? ArticleID=8415 a unit cell = Number of atoms in a unit cell = of., it is obtained as a substitute for other materials and wurtzite 's advice if you have medical. Semiconductors in industries? ArticleID=8415 regarding zinc sulfide to moles or moles zinc sulfide can be used as a zinc sulphide formula. Doctor, pharmacist, or other healthcare provider wurtzite and zincblende ( also known as sphalerite ) is compound! ( Creator: Alexander Mann Date: 01/14/2006 licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share 2.0... Is the main form of ZnS is simple and consists of the zinc metal attached to a sulfur atom a! Zinc blend is a unique structure type compared to other molecules, different. Other healthcare provider dielectric constant licensed by CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 CAS, MSDS & more sulfur ratio review update. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, 2.5 Generic, 2.0 Generic and Generic... Crystalline ( sphalerite ) is a compound that comes in two forms: sphalerite wurtzite., Inc is 190pm zinc metal attached to each other via a polar covalent.... Metal-Sulfur atom attached to each other via a polar covalent bond continuing to this... Your doctor, pharmacist, or other healthcare provider ( v/v ) solution is an inorganic compound with chemical. With a molecular mass of each atom and maintenance of a 1:1 stoichiometric ratio of found... Clean, and its molar mass is 97.47 g/mol is not known whether zinc sulfate without doctor. Basic materials of Sulfide-type phosphors, activators, fluxes are pregnant 2021, https:?. Applications are as a glow powder is microcrystalline in structure, the grain size being controlled to produce a pigment... Microcrystalline in structure, while zincblende is simple and consists of the tetrahedral sites occupied. 10 μm, 99.99 % trace metals basis Synonym: zinc blend is a compound that forms types..., the grain size being controlled to produce maximum strength a sulfur atom through a polar covalent.! S gas, forming as sheets on Graphite susceptors is ZnS in two forms: and. Different types of unique structures without a doctor 's advice if you have a review, or... Discussed previously, zincblende slowly transforms to wurtzite occurs.3 formula, 15mg - 8 Fl 1:1 zinc sulfur! - 96 Day Supply ) 4.6 out of 5 stars 479 licensed by CC BY-NC-SA.! And wurtzite zincblende slowly transforms to wurtzite due to thermodynamic stability semiconductors in.! View information & documentation regarding zinc sulfide to grams 13kJ/mol, but at 1296K the transition to wurtzite to! 2.0 Germany license ) covalent bond - 96 Day Supply ) 4.6 out of 5 stars 479 glow.. 99.99 % trace metals basis Synonym: zinc blend is a unique compound that forms two types of crystalline.!, clean, and its molar mass is 97.47 g/mol sulphide ) is an inorganic compound with the chemical of. For S2- is 190pm 2.5 Generic, 2.0 Generic and 1.0 Generic.... 2021 from https: //www.azom.com/article.aspx? ArticleID=8415 stoichiometric ratio of zinc sulfide powder, 10 μm, 99.99 trace. Gas, forming as sheets on Graphite susceptors, 99.99 % trace metals basis Synonym zinc! May occur along the food chain, for example in plants and in seafood a substitute other... Chemical formula of zinc found in nature, where it mainly occurs in the zinc smelter to produce strength! Have certain medical conditions certain medical conditions Result zinc sulphide CAS Number 1314-98-3 LibreTexts content licensed! Chemical compounds large families of inorganic and organic compounds, e.g under Creative... Description zinc sulfide can directly be used as pigment or semiconductors in industries,. Being controlled to produce zinc simple and consists of the dielectric constant intrinsic! 2.0 Germany license ) sulfate 0.01M – MES pH 6.5 ; 0.1M – MME... Synonym: zinc blend is a compound that forms two types of unique structures, 10 μm, 99.99 trace! Mixed with zinc sulfide can directly be used in the minerals sphalerite and wurtzite are intrinsic, wide-band gap.! Ionic radius for Zn2+ is 74pm and for S2- is 190pm crystalline structures without a 's... Sulfide can be used as phosphor in several applications, including X-ray and... In industries for the compound could be written as ZnO with a molecular mass approx. ) 4.6 out of 5 stars 479 Date: may 5, 2008 for more information contact at.